Early Symptoms of Kidney Disease and How to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy


Kidneys are playing very important role in our body, like purification of blood and elimination of toxins from the body. Kidney malfunction can lead to toxin accumulation in the body which can cause serious health conditions.

There are over 20 million Americans diagnosed with kidney disease, and the number continues to grow all the time.

Kidneys perform many vital functions in the body:

Water level balancing:

They have the ability to balance the water levels in the body as they participate in the chemical breakdown of the urine. Lack of water can cause the kidneys to accumulate the water in the body instead of excreting it.

Waste excretion:

One of the main roles is to clean the toxins, excess salts and urea, a nitrogen-based waste which is created due to the normal cell metabolism. Urea is created in the liver and distributed through the blood to the kidneys in order to be eliminated.

Red blood cell regulation:

To filter the blood properly, kidneys need constant normal blood pressure. Therefore, low blood pressure causes the kidneys to increase the pressure.

Blood pressure regulation:

To filter the blood properly, kidneys need constant normal blood pressure. Therefore, low blood pressure causes the kidneys to increase the pressure.

Acid regulation:

Kidneys are responsible for acid balance in the body, and we all know that the acids are normal products of cell metabolism.

Kidney disease

Lot of different factors can lead to kidney disease, including diabetes, infection and hypertension. High blood pressure is one of the main causes of kidney disease and therefore you should try to keep the blood sugar and pressure levels in normal.

Kidney disease can be developed due to hereditary factors which means that if someone in your family has suffered from kidney disease, the chances that you will have kidney disease are increased. Frequent alcohol consumption, smoking, overuse of medications or lack of physical activity can also lead to kidney disease.

Early signs of kidney disease

First symptoms of kidney disease appear in the late stages, when there is almost a kidney failure or when there are excess proteins in the urine.

The symptoms, in early stages are usually unnoticeable and that is why people do not pay much attention to them. Statistically, only 10% of patients with kidney disease know that they have it. Also, kidneys they easily get used to the infection which is how they lose their function.

It is very important to recognize the early signs of kidney disease in order to prevent further kidney damage.

Some of the initial signs and symptoms of kidney failure are the following:

  • Changes in urine color (for example, blood in the urine or frequency of urination)
  • Sleeping issues
  • Fatigue and lack of strength
  • Pain in the back, just above the waist (where the kidneys are)
  • Muscle cramps
  • Hiccups
  • Swollen legs or feet
  • Poor circulation
  • Lack of focus and mental clarity
  • Indigestion
  • Loss of appetite and metallic taste in the mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of breath
  • Skin rash or chronic tingling

When you will notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms you should consult your doctor immediately, to prevent further development of the disease.

How to prevent kidney disease and strengthen your kidneys?

Kidney disease is a serious health issue which can have a number of health consequences. Therefore, you should make some changes in order to prevent the incidence of kidney disease.

What to change in nutrition:

  1. Make sure you have healthy and well-balanced diet, low in saturated fat and cholesterol.
  2. Do not starve! Your kidneys need enough calorie intake in order to function properly.
  3. Limit the intake of salt and potassium.
  4. Consume plenty of apples, watermelon and berries.
  5. Maintain low protein diet.
  6. Drink plenty of water, at least 8 glasses a day.

How to strengthen your kidneys:

Lifestyle changes:

  1. Keep your blood pressure in normal levels because it is the essential factor for proper kidney function.
  2. Take supplements in case of calcium and vitamin D efficiency.
  3. Avoid analgesics and steroids because they can damage your kidneys.
  4. Do regular exercises in order to maintain healthy weight and reduce the risk of diabetes, obesity and hypertension.
  5. Limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking.